Do you know what the ERA is? This coming Friday, I’ll be attending a conference at Roger Williams University in Bristol, RI. The subject is: The Equal Rights Amendment in the 21st Century: Where have we come from, and Where Will We Go?
I’m personally passionate about this subject. In fact, if you want to know more about the Museum of Motherhood and it’s mandate, then read on. There are provisions to continue efforts to see a ratified ERA in our lifetime. To find out more about the conference, click here. If you don’t know what the Equal Rights Amendment is, then you can find out more below:
The Equal Rights Amendment, which has long served as a symbol of not-yet-achieved legal equality for women in the United States, is simple. It states:
Section 1. Equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of sex.
Section 2. The Congress shall have the power to enforce, by appropriate legislation, the provisions of this article.
Section 3. This amendment shall take effect two years after the date of ratification.
Three years after women’s right to vote was guaranteed by the 19th Amendment in 1920, suffragist leader Alice Paul proposed the Equal Rights Amendment, which affirms the equal application of the Constitution to all persons regardless of their sex, as the next step in guaranteeing “equal justice under law” for all.
The ERA was introduced into every Congress between 1923 and 1972, when it was passed by the Senate and the House of Representatives and sent to the states for ratification. The original seven-year time limit in the ERA’s proposing clause was extended by Congress to June 30, 1982, but at that deadline, the ERA had been ratified by 35 states, three states short of the 38 required to put it into the Constitution.
The ERA has been reintroduced into every Congress since 1982, and supporters are currently pursuing two modes of ratification: the traditional process described in Article V of the Constitution, and a “three-state strategy” based on legal analysis that if three more states ratify, the existing 35 ratifications may still be viable.
More information about the ERA can be found at www.equalrightsamendment.org.